Paradox (Central Problems of Philosophy) by Doris Olin

By Doris Olin

Paradoxes are greater than simply highbrow puzzles - they bring up important philosophical matters and supply the promise of elevated philosophical wisdom. during this creation to paradox and paradoxes, Doris Olin exhibits how seductive paradoxes may be, why they confuse and confound, and why they proceed to fascinate. Olin examines the character of paradox, outlining a rigorous definition and offering a transparent and incisive assertion of what does and doesn't count number as a solution of a paradox. The view assertion could be either real and fake, that contradictions might be actual, is noticeable to supply a problem to the account of paradox answer, and is explored. With this framework in position, the booklet then turns to an in-depth therapy of the Prediction Paradox, models of the Preface/Fallibility Paradox, the Lottery Paradox, Newcomb's challenge, the Prisoner's obstacle and the Sorites Paradox. each one of those paradoxes is proven to have enormous philosophical punch. Olin unpacks the vital arguments in a transparent and systematic type, bargains unique analyses and suggestions, and exposes additional unsettling implications for a few of our such a lot deep-seated rules and convictions.

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Sample text

What Quine seems to mean, in speaking of each of the four situations as a possibility, is that, for all the student knows, any one of them might obtain; that is, he does not know, of any one of them, that it does not obtain. But only two of them, (a) and (d), are compatible with the teacher’s announcement. If the student does not know that the other two do not obtain, this must mean that he does not know the truth of the teacher’s announcement. So the core of Quine’s analysis is that the student does not know the truth of what the teacher has said.

On this reading, the dialetheist’s problem dissolves. A does rule out ~A, for if A is true, then ~A must be false. In classical logic, the two interpretations are equivalent – not so in paraconsistent logic. Each PARADOX AND CONTRADICTION 35 seems a plausible and natural reading, perhaps because they are equivalent in orthodox logic. So the traditional objection is incomplete until a case is made that meaningfulness requires that a statement rule out something in the first sense of “rules out”.

I, for one, cannot fathom what it might mean. To put the point a little differently, I cannot see how to express what I want to express when I say “A is true only”. At this point, the Alice-through-the-looking-glass feeling of dialetheism becomes impossible to repress. Earlier we argued that it is difficult to see how the claim that A is true only can be justified by the dialetheist; now we have doubts as to what it can mean in the context of dialetheism. Perhaps these doubts can be assuaged. But for the moment, at least, it seems entirely unwarranted to add accepting a contradiction as true to the list of possible options for responding to a paradox.

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