Orthodoxy and the Cold War: Religion and Political Power in by L. Leustean

By L. Leustean

Explores the dynamics among Orthodoxy and politics in Romania, delivering an obtainable narrative on church-state family from the institution of the nation in 1859 to the increase of Ceau?escu in 1965. The e-book argues that Romanian nationwide communism had an best friend in a robust Church, and analyzes non secular international relations with actors within the West.

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By paying part of priests’ salaries, the state would act as manager of the church, controlling the exact number of clergy and churches and limiting the number of those who wanted to be ordained. The law had strong political elements. First, the regime indicated that the number of parishes in Romania would be strictly maintained at 368 urban and 3,326 rural (art. 3), not more than 20 church buildings would be raised per year and these figures would not be changed except by law (art. 4). Second, Orthodox priests would gather once a year in pastoral conferences in which they would discuss ecclesiastical matters (art.

44 Although he did not particularly agree with this official’s opinion, his speech showed how widespread the view was regarding state control of the church. 46 For this reason, Theodorian-Carada asked the Conservative Party to promote a form of foreign politics which would lead to the inclusion of all Romanians in one national church. 47 On 10 October 1914, King Carol I died and because he did not have an heir, the parliament elected his nephew Ferdinand as the next monarch. In 1916 Romania declared war on the Austro-Hungarian Empire with the political aim of liberating Romanians in Transylvania.

The state continued to control church elections through the Electoral Collegium which was composed of members of the Holy The Political Control of Orthodoxy 37 Synod, the Superior Clerical Consistory and all Orthodox deputies and senators in parliament. The 1902 and 1909 laws are significant as they indicate a new phase in the development of the Romanian state. At the beginning of the twentieth century the Romanian Orthodox Church was transformed into a state institution which served the monarchy and the ruling political party.

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