Ontological Arguments and Belief in God by Graham Oppy

By Graham Oppy

This booklet is a distinct contribution to the philosophy of faith. It bargains a entire dialogue of 1 of the main recognized arguments for the lifestyles of God: the ontological argument. the writer offers and analyzes a serious taxonomy of these types of the argument which have been complex in fresh philosophical literature, in addition to of these traditionally very important models present in the paintings of St. Anselm, Descartes, Leibniz, Hegel and others.

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It is not clear how these expressions are best understood, and many modern commentators have chosen to translate them into a more favored idiom - and, in particular, the idiom of 'logical possibility'. I suggest that there are three promising candidates for arguments that can be constructed as interpretations of St. Anselm's argument. First, there are those arguments that I call 'modal ontological arguments involving actuality': These arguments result from the interpretation of 'existence in the understanding' and 'that which can be conceived' as 'that which 11 But cf.

Anselm and/or that have been discussed in connection with this argument. Among these principles are the following: 1a. Any being that exists in reality is greater than every being that exists only in the understanding, lb. , 1-6. Ontological arguments and belief in God IC. 2a. 2b. 3a. 3b. 3c. 4a. 4b. 4c. 5a. 5b. 5c. in reality is greater than every being that exists only in the understanding. Any being that exists in reality is greater than every being of kind K that exists only in the understanding.

There are three main characters who participate in the dialogues: Philo, Cleanthes, and Demea; and there is also a narrator - Pamphilus - who introduces the dialogues and also provides an evaluation of the upshot of the discussion. Very roughly (i) Cleanthes is a representative of the main currents of eighteenth-century natural theology, that is, a defender of teleological arguments for the existence of God; (ii) Demea is a representative of both orthodox rationalism, that is a defender of ontological and cosmological arguments for the existence 26 Perhaps Leibniz supposed that impossibility is finitely demonstrable inconsistency.

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