By L. K. Bharathi, K. Joseph John
Asiatic Momordica contains 10 species of which three are monoecious and leisure dioecious. they're detailed within the experience that every one are wild or cultivated greens with medicinal makes use of. Barring sour gourd, all are less than applied greens with little examine and conservation efforts. during this ebook, the authors have awarded the to be had info on quite a few features of Asiatic Momordica like taxonomy, cytogenetics, crop development, foundation, ethnobotany and crop construction at one position. The e-book is definitely illustrated with colour maps and images depicting behavior, morphology and distribution of person taxa. Species distribution map for all Indian taxa, descriptor for characterization and initial overview of dioecious and monoecious staff on hand types, keys for botanical id are a few of the detailed good points of the publication. The publication might be priceless to botanists, horticulturists, foresters, setting educators, conservation biologists, plant technological know-how scholars usually and all attracted to agrobiodiversity.
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Sahyadrica are free from nematode attack (Joseph 2005). 2 % yield losses (Kaur and Pathak 2011). Root system of the nematode infested plant is heavily knotted and growth of vines is severely arrested. The leaves appear yellow and leaf size is reduced and majority of the veins become dry and wither. Dipping of vine cuttings/root tubers in Monocrotophos 1000 ppm for 6 h before planting and application of neem cake (500 g), and Bionematon (10 g) per pit as basal application with FYM is effective in reducing the severity of the infestation.
5 mg/l BAP Agarwal and Kamal (2004) Malik et al. 0 mg/l BAP ? 0 lM TDZ ? 5 lM 2,4 D ? 0 mg/l BA ? 8 mg/l BA ? 08 mg/l NAA ? 2 mg/l BA ? 7 mg/l NAA ? 54 mg/l GA3 (Cotyledon) M. 0 mg1-1 BAP ? 0 mg/l 2,4-D ? 0 mg/l BAP 10 mg/l BA ? 5 mg/l BAP ? 10 mg/l NAA M. balsamina M. 5 mg/l BAP ? 5 mg/l Kn. 3 mg NAA/litre ? 9 lM BA ? 200 mg/l CH 70 mg/l AdSO4 ? 1 mg/l BAP ? 05 mg/l GA3 ? 0 mg/l BAP ? 0 mg/l KN 10 lM Kn ? 40 mM BA ? 0 m (spine gourd) and 3 9 3 m (sweet gourd). For sweet, spine and teasel gourds, provision of 10 % male plant in the field are considered imperative for good fruit set (Bharathi et al.
Sahyadrica are purely storage organs and do not sprout in Propagation 17 Fig. 5 Tubers of dioecious Momordica species used as planting material. a M. dioica longitudinally split tap root b M. sahyadrica-split tap root tubers with apical meristem c Split tubers of M. subangulata subsp. 1 Effect of physical treatments on sprouting of dormant tubers in various Momordica spp. Treatment T1 T2 T3 T4 (control) No. of tubers sprouted/days to sprout emergence M. dioica M. sahyadrica 12 14 10 15 13 12 12 15 (90) (75) (32) (120) (110) (90) (60) (148) M.