Making Moros: Imperial Historicism and American Military by Michael Hawkins

By Michael Hawkins

Making Moros bargains a distinct examine the colonization of Muslim topics through the early years of yank rule within the southern Philippines. Hawkins argues that the ethnological discovery, association, and next colonial engineering of Moros was once hugely contingent on constructing notions of time, background, and evolution, which eventually outmoded simplistic notions approximately race. He additionally argues that this method used to be hugely collaborative, with Moros engaging, informing, guiding, or even making an investment of their configuration as smooth matters. Drawing on a wealth of archival assets from either the United States and the Philippines, Making Moros provides a chain of compelling episodes and gripping proof to illustrate its thesis. Readers will locate themselves with an unusual realizing of the Philippines’ Muslim South past its ordinary tangential position as a mere subset of yank empire.

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Extra resources for Making Moros: Imperial Historicism and American Military Rule in the Philippines’ Muslim South

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24 General Pershing echoed these sentiments again in 1913 when he stated, “The nature of the Joloano Moro is such that he is not at all overawed or impressed by an overwhelming force. If he takes a notion to fight it is regardless of the number of men he thinks are to be brought against him. ”25 Nor was this characteristic ferocity exclusive to Moro men. ”26 Though individual acts of violence were officially condemned, such reports did inspire the American colonial imagination at home and abroad to consider the developmental possibilities for Filipino Muslims.

68 The colonial regimes’ primary response to this dilemma was to disassociate Moros from Islam by documenting their syncretic religious doctrines and practices. By positing Islam as a masked outlet for more visceral and underived primitive beliefs, the Moros’ religion often became an effective anachronism by which Americans were further able to prove Moro primitiveness. This tactic did not always succeed in smoothing out aggravating disruptions in the imperial discourse, but it did allow Americans to subdue the anomalies within a probable historicist narrative, thus maintaining the logic of their project.

His efforts to know and be known by his Muslim subjects opened an important dialogue of exploratory representation and ethnological discourse. Moros were as eager to tell General Bliss who they were as he and his contemporary Americans were eager to discover them. Moro Province’s third and final military governor, John J. Pershing, was an interesting combination of his predecessors. 61 His martial spirit prompted a less benevolent and more distrustful approach to Moro leadership than that held by Bliss.

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