By W. Eugene George, Ricardo P. Treviño
Mexican settlers first got here to the valley of the Rio Grande to set up their ranchos within the 1750s. centuries later the nice River, dammed in a world attempt through the U.S. and Mexican governments to supply flood keep an eye on and a extra accountable water provide, inundated twelve settlements that have been equipped there. below the waters of the hot Falcón Reservoir lay houses, companies, church buildings, and cemeteries deserted by means of citizens on either side of the river whilst the floods of 1953 crammed the 115,000-acre quarter years prior to schedule.
The Smithsonian establishment, the nationwide Park provider, and the college of Texas at Austin performed an preliminary survey of the groups misplaced to the Falcón Reservoir, yet those stories have been by no means accomplished or totally suggested. while architect W. Eugene George got here to the realm within the Sixties, he came across a life-style ready to be preserved in phrases, images, and drawings.
Two next recessions of the reservoir—in 1983–86 and back in 1996–98—gave George new entry to at least one of the settlements, Guerrero Viejo in Mexico. regrettably, the receding lake waters additionally made the village available to looters. George’s paintings, then, used to be an important in documenting the indigenous structure of those villages, either because it existed ahead of the flooding and because it remained ahead of it used to be despoiled by way of vandals’ hands.
Lost structure of the Rio Grande Borderlands combines George’s unique 1975 Texas ancient fee document with the data he gleaned in the course of the low-water sessions. This good-looking, prolonged photographic essay casts new gentle at the structure and lives of the folk of the Texas-Mexico borderlands.
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Extra info for Lost Architecture of the Rio Grande Borderlands
The dining and living room areas open onto a loggia where sitting out-of-doors in a shaded area enjoying the view as the shadows change is a delight. ” This is partly attributable to the background sound of running water or because its solid, well-proportioned walls give a sense of security. But chiefly it comes from the fact that the house grew quite consciously out of a historical context, and that it partakes of the spiritual qualities of its site. It is this kind of “fitness” that grows with age, as house and site give and take from one another over the years, until it is impossible to imagine that they ever had separate lives.
Since the advantages offered by Escandón were superior to those granted by provincial administrators, these ranchers petitioned Escandón and requested permission to found permanent villas. Nuevo Santander would become a frontier ranching province. One pioneer rancher, José Vasquez of Coahuila, had made grazing surveys in present-day Zapata County, Texas, and petitioned for settlement on the north bank of the Rio Grande about ten leagues northwest of Revilla. His request was granted, and Nuestra Señora de los Dolores was founded on the twenty-second of August, 1750.
The lugar (town) of Mier was established on the Mexican side of the river near the old salt trail crossing (Paso de Cantero). The Alamo River joins the Rio Grande near the Mier location. Natural building materials were in good supply there and the land was easily irrigated. Mier, located halfway between Camargo and Revilla, was founded on the sixth of March, 1751. 20 chapter 1 11. Street scene; Revilla (Guerrero Viejo), Tamaulipas, Mexico. The Hotel Flores is on the right. Photograph by Bob Humphreys, 1950 (2x2 neg), tarl catalog reference Mexico / Tamaulipas / Falcón Reservoir General (3).