By Derek J. de Solla Price
Read Online or Download Little Science, Big Science PDF
Best encyclopedias books
The Gale Encyclopedia of other drugs is amedical reference product designed to notify andeducate readers a few good selection of complementarytherapies and natural treatments and coverings forprevalent stipulations and illnesses. Gale believes theproduct to be complete, yet no longer inevitably definitive.
A necessary source for a person attracted to U. S. background and politics, this two-volume encyclopedia covers the foremost forces that experience formed American politics from the founding to this present day. wide in scope, the booklet addresses either the conventional subject matters of political history--such as eras, associations, political events, presidents, and founding documents--and the broader topics of present scholarship, together with army, electoral, and fiscal occasions, in addition to social hobbies, pop culture, faith, schooling, race, gender, and extra.
Viewing transportation throughout the lens of current social, monetary, and coverage elements, this four-volume reference paintings explores the subject of transportation throughout a number of disciplines in the social sciences and similar components, together with geography, public coverage, company, and economics. The book’s articles, all written by means of specialists within the box, search to respond to such questions as: What has been the legacy, not only economically yet politically and socially besides, of President Eisenhower’s smooth interstate road procedure in the United States?
Management pervades each element of organizational and social existence, and its research hasn't ever been extra varied, nor extra fertile. With contributions from those that have outlined that territory, this quantity isn't just a key aspect of reference for researchers, scholars and practitioners, but in addition an agenda-setting potential and retrospective examine the country of management within the twenty-first century.
- In the Palm of Your Hand: The Poet's Portable Workshop
- Encyclopedia of molecular mechanisms of disease
- Common knowledge? : an ethnography of Wikipedia
- Encyclopedia of Asian American Issues Today 2 volumes
- Encyclopedia of Federal Agencies and Commissions (Facts on File Library of American History)
Extra info for Little Science, Big Science
It also follows from the existence of these stable and regular distribution curves that we may now justify on a theoretical basis our previously empirical procedure of using crude num bers of periodicals or papers as an index of the size of science. We know now that any measure of total number of journals, papers, or men will give the corresponding number of im portant journals, papers, or people. It will be seen that a sHght change in definition—^for example, uncertainty about the mini mum allowable level at which a journal may be accounted scientific—will only increase the size of the tail.
Their scores, as nearly as possible on an objective open scale of merit, were such that the top candidate in each year got almost twice the marks of the second, and 30 times that of the 100th candidate. The log-normal character of scientific productivity distributions has previously been suggested by William Shockley, “On the statistics of individual variations of productivity in research laboratories,” Proceedings of the Institute of Radio Engineers, 45 (1957), 279, 1409. GALTON R E V ISIT E D 51 logarithms to base 10, then every unit of s corresponds to about 11 points on the AGCT scale for all but the most solid scientific citizens, and for these it rises to about 20 points.
And so these groups devise mechanisms for day-to-day com munication. ^* The existence of such a group might be diagnosed by check ing the preprint list of one man and following this by a check of the list of each man mentioned. I think one would soon “ Like government contract research reports, these represent an ob noxious (though historically interesting) back-door means of getting pub lication for a mass of writing that might be better lost. IN V IS IB L E CO LLEGES 8 5 find a closed group, a small number of hundreds in member ship strength, selected from a population of a large number of tens of thousands.