Introduction to Psychology , Eighth Edition by James W. Kalat

By James W. Kalat

James Kalat's best-selling advent TO PSYCHOLOGY does way over hide significant theories and reports; it encourages you to query the data and wonder, "How was once this end reached?" and "Does the proof fairly help it?" during this student-praised textual content, Kalat demanding situations your preconceptions approximately psychology that can assist you turn into a extra trained customer of knowledge not just in the course of your university event yet, additionally as you enterprise into your post-college lifestyles. along with his funny writing sort and hands-on "Try It your self" routines, Kalat places you comfy and will get you concerned with what you're learning that you can achieve your direction.

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Extra resources for Introduction to Psychology , Eighth Edition

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As an infant he licked the salt off crackers and bacon without eating the food itself. He put a thick layer of salt on everything he ate, and sometimes, he swallowed salt directly from the shaker. When deprived of salt, he stopped eating and began to waste away. At the age of 31⁄2, he was taken to the hospital and fed the usual hospital fare. He soon died of salt deficiency (Wilkins & Richter, 1940). The reason was that he had defective adrenal glands, which secrete the hormones that enable the body to retain salt (Verrey & Beron, 1996).

For example, suppose you enjoy using computers. You could not have nurtured that interest if you had lived in some part of the world without electricity. However, experiences and opportunities do not account for all of the differences among people. With regard to almost everything psychologists have measured, identical twins resemble each other more closely than fraternal twins do. The greater similarity between identical twins is taken as evidence of a genetic influence on behavior. Environment and heredity can also combine their influences in many ways (Moffitt, Caspi, & Rutter, 2006).

For example, parents have to decide how to rear children without waiting for conclusive research about what works best. Still, it is important to know what evidence supports an opinion. For example, solid evidence indicates that a woman who drinks much alcohol during pregnancy risks damage to her infant’s brain. Therefore, we take whatever steps we can to discourage pregnant women from drinking. On the other hand, what are the consequences of letting children watch television all day? Here, opinions run strong, but the evidence is weak.

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