Introduction to Nitride Semiconductor Blue Lasers and Light by Shuji Nakamura, Shigefusa F. Chichibu

By Shuji Nakamura, Shigefusa F. Chichibu

The "blue laser" is a thrilling new equipment whose capability is now being famous in advertisement lighting fixtures platforms. This entire paintings introduces the topic at a degree compatible for graduate scholars.

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1991b, Jpn. J. Appl. , 30, p. L1705. , Senoh M. , 1992%Jpn. J. Appl. , 31, p. 1258. , Mukai T. , J. 1992b, Appl. , 71, p. 5543. , Senoh M. , 1993, Jpn. J. Appl. , 32, p. L8. , Mukai T. , 1994%Appl. Phys. , 64, p. 1687. , Mukai T. , March 1994b, Appl. Phys. , 64, p. 1687 . , Yamada, T. , 1995%Jpn. Appl. Phys. , 34, p. L1332. , 1995b, private communication, Feb. , S. , 1997, The Blue Laser Diode, Springer-Verlag, Heildelberg, Germany. B. , 1989, J. Vac. Sci. , A7, p. 701. A. , 32, p. 383. , Bigan, E.

Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, p. 2251. 1 INTRODUCTION 111-V nitrides are very attractive for Laser Diodes (LDs). Recently stimulated emission (Akasaki et al. 1995) and the pulse-lasing action (Nakamura et al. 1996) of the multiquantum well (MQW) laser diodes (LDs) by current injection at room temperature was reported. Furthermore, continuous-wave operation of MQW LDs with a lifetime of more than 10,000 hours has been achieved (Nakamura et al. 1997). Concerning the design of LDs, low threshold current density is one of the important requirements and it is tightly connected with the optical gain characteristics.

As&, T. , 1990b, Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. , 29, p. 205. , Tsang, W. , Hutchinson, A. L. and Chu, S. N. , 1989, J. Appl. , 65(1), p. 388. C. , 1978, Heterostructure Lasers, Academic Press, New York. , 1977, IEEE Trans. Electron. Devices, ED-24, p. 935. , 1995, Product Specgfication Sheet, Super Blue LED C430DH85. F. , 1994, Appl. Phys. , 64, p. 1377. , 1980, Elec. Structure and Properties of Solids Ed. Freeman (San Francsico). H. , 1976, J. Luminescence, 12/13, p. 47. P. , 1995,Appl. Phys. , 68(5) p.

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