By D. D. Kosambi
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301], but as usual, it does nothing of the kind. If the find is to be taken as homogeneous, and Walsh’s weights represent a fair sample, then the variances are larger than at Taxila, and the coins must have been somewhat more crudely trimmed—though far more accurately than in the Mauryan period—or have been used considerably. On the strength of the averages, the coins are a little heavier than 3/4 of the Taxila coins. They could, however, represent 24 to 30 rattika in weight, or any other nearby standard, if the raktikas were selected accordingly.
Each issue. When the number in the sample was divided by the number in the issue, it became clear that the ratio was approximately constant for all issues since 1903 (Edward VII, George V). But for the earlier coins, (Empress Victoria) the exponential rate of decline was clearly visible. This means that the rupee was not taken by the public as a token coin in the earlier period, but used as a source of metal. For the earlier Taxila hoard, the conclusions are that the Taxilans received their coins at a remarkably steady rate, and that they were absorbed with great regularity.
The ‘added’ copper, however, must be due to decuperification, that is to the actual travel of the cupric portion of the original alloy to the surface of the coin, by electrochemical action of the surrounding medium. I am obliged for this information to Dr. S. Paramasivan, of the Government Museum, Madras, who supplies the reference to Fink and Eldridge, “The Restoration of Ancient Bronzes and other Alloys”, First Report, 1925; the Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York. Dr. Paramasivan has found many such examples of decuperification in coins which he has examined himself.