By Viatcheslav V. Tikhomirov
Water is the Earth’s most dear resource. until eventually contemporary years, water used to be frequently neglected as being overly considerable or to be had, yet a lot has replaced everywhere in the world. As weather swap, human encroachment on environmental components, and deforestation develop into better hazards, the learn of groundwater has turn into extra vital than ever and is becoming as probably the most very important components of technology for the way forward for lifestyles on Earth.
This three-volume set is the main finished and up to date remedy of hydrogeochemistry that's available. the 1st quantity lays the root of the composition, chemistry, and checking out of groundwater, whereas quantity covers functional functions equivalent to mass move and transport. quantity 3, which completes the set, is a sophisticated learn of the environmental research of groundwater and its implications for the future.
This first quantity within the set is a vital milestone in hydrogeochemistry, masking the basics of groundwater science. It additionally is going additional into trying out tools, functions of trying out, and analysis. it's not simply the introductory textual content for this groundbreaking and bold new three-volume venture, however it is usually a useful reference for the scientist, engineer, or student. no matter if as a textbook or a reference paintings, this quantity is a must have for any library on hydrogeochemistry.
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Additional info for Hydrogeochemistry Fundamentals and Advances, Groundwater Composition and Chemistry Volume 1
Mineralogists study this compound as part of a mineral. Besides the compound, H2O contains only two elements whose mobility is determined by the behavior of those media, which they are components of. Some other hydrogeologists view ground water only as a liquid water solution, which has taste, smell and complex composition, which may change when affected by natural and anthropogenic factors. This solution is within the geologic medium and is capable of migrating both relative the enclosing rocks and relative the underground gas.
From the time immemorial they knew that not any water is suitable for their existence, and they knew how to discern it by the quality. So, many applied problems of the present-day hydrogeochemistry were important and were being solved way before its emergence. Most pressing of these issues was undoubtedly the search of waters suitable for drinking, therapy, livestock watering, and irrigation. , by the appearance, smell and taste. Already at that time the people distinguished among natural waters fresh (the Slavs called it nonfermented, fresh; the British, fresh and the Germans, frisch), sour (in English; in German, sauer), sweet (Slavs: sladka voda, slodko woda; British: sweet; German: suss; French: sucre), salt (English: salt; German: salzig; French: sale) and bitter (Slavs: nasty, bad, worse; British: bitter), etc.
Onland, due to successes in drilling technology, hydrogeochemists penetrated to a depth of 12 km. Studies of mineral and hydrothermal waters became much greater than active. A new discipline appeared in hydrogeochemistry, which studied ground waters of seas and the ocean. This discipline was initially associated with study of ocean-bottom hydrothermal “smokers” and later with the results of deep-water drilling. At the same time, the domain of studied elements and isotopes in ground water expanded.