Handbook of Behaviorism by William O'Donohue

By William O'Donohue

  • ely does a booklet compel a reviewer to learn into the night, eagerly delving into the background and philosphy underlying beahviorism in addition to the authors' perspectives of what constitutes behaviorism at the present time. Why is the Handbook of Behaviorism this type of compelling e-book? Key to its luck are its succinctness and readability of goal: Nowhere does the booklet wander down lifeless alleys. This guide bargains an exhilarating and thorough assessment of historic behaviorisms, in addition to a glance into a few glossy behavioristic endeavors. Its outdstanding association aids comprehension and makes it a excitement to learn. most vital, the guide provides the strategies in the back of behaviorism truly and concisely, supplying a very good theoretical backdrop to tough ideas... total the Handbook of Behaviorism is a essentially geared up textual content that provides the reader a thrilling and up-to-date view of behaviorism and why it's going to nonetheless be studied. I hugely suggest it.''

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85-87). The 1900-1913 period was Watson's most productive as a scientist and spanned more than half of his academic career. We organize it here in terms of his research programs during this period programs in comparative psychology, ethology, and psychophysics (see Todd & Morris, 1986). A. WATSON'S RESEARCH PROGRAMS 1. Comparative Psychology Watson's dissertation, Animal Education, was subtitled An Experimental Study of the Psychical Development of the White Rat, Correlated with the Growth of Its Nervous System (Watson, 1903).

The best known of these articles was "Kinaesthetic and Organic Sensations: Their Role in the Reactions of the White Rat to the Maze" (Watson, 1907a). In preparation, Watson trained and tested rats' maze performance under different conditions for instance, at various lighting levels and with visual and tactual cues but to no effect. Drawing on surgical skills acquired at Johns Hopkins in 1905, he created three groups of rats that could not, respectively, see, hear, or smell. , at different starting points).

The behavior of man, with all of its refinement and complexity, forms only a part of the behaviorist's total scheme of investigation. (p. 158) Although this statement was consistent with then-current developments in comparative, human, and philosophical psychology, Watson took a bolder, more far-reaching position than his colleagues and peers (see Burnham, 1968; Harrell & Harrison, 1938). In just 99 words, he had (a) introduced and defined the term 'Watson made a moving picture of the "Little Albert" experiment—the first use of cinematography by a psychologist in the United States.

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