Funding Science in America: Congress, Universities, and the by James D. Savage

By James D. Savage

Because the Nineteen Fifties, the government has depended on the peer evaluation approach for investment educational technology. Peer evaluation, despite the fact that, is less than assault for being a biased method that is helping wealthy learn universities get richer. As a treatment for those biases, college presidents and individuals of Congress have became to the earmarking of technology initiatives and amenities within the federal funds. investment technology in the USA explores either the professionals and the cons of the educational earmarking factor and explains why this factor has brought on a rift in the nation's technological know-how neighborhood.

Show description

Read or Download Funding Science in America: Congress, Universities, and the Politics of the Academic Pork Barrel PDF

Similar encyclopedias books

The Gale Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine

The Gale Encyclopedia of different medication is amedical reference product designed to notify andeducate readers a few good selection of complementarytherapies and natural treatments and coverings forprevalent stipulations and ailments. Gale believes theproduct to be finished, yet now not unavoidably definitive.

The Princeton Encyclopedia of American Political History. (Two volume set)

An important source for an individual attracted to U. S. background and politics, this two-volume encyclopedia covers the most important forces that experience formed American politics from the founding to this day. vast in scope, the publication addresses either the normal themes of political history--such as eras, associations, political events, presidents, and founding documents--and the broader matters of present scholarship, together with army, electoral, and fiscal occasions, in addition to social hobbies, pop culture, faith, schooling, race, gender, and extra.

Encyclopedia of Transportation: Social Science and Policy

Viewing transportation during the lens of current social, monetary, and coverage points, this four-volume reference paintings explores the subject of transportation throughout a number of disciplines in the social sciences and comparable components, together with geography, public coverage, company, and economics. The book’s articles, all written through specialists within the box, search to reply to such questions as: What has been the legacy, not only economically yet politically and socially in addition, of President Eisenhower’s sleek interstate road method in the USA?

The SAGE Handbook of Leadership

Management pervades each point of organizational and social existence, and its research hasn't ever been extra assorted, nor extra fertile. With contributions from those that have outlined that territory, this quantity is not just a key aspect of reference for researchers, scholars and practitioners, but in addition an agenda-setting potential and retrospective examine the kingdom of management within the twenty-first century.

Additional info for Funding Science in America: Congress, Universities, and the Politics of the Academic Pork Barrel

Example text

29 In response to Kilgore, Vannevar Bush, director of the Office 28. Christian K. : Brookings Institution, 1968), pp. 89-90, 91. 29. On the Bush report and the creation of NSF, see Nelson W. Polsby, Political Innovation in America: The Politics of Policy Initiation (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1984), pp. 35-54; Smith, op. , Ch. 3; Dupree, op. , Ch. 19; and Penick, op. , pp. 2-48, 120-137. Equity and Peer Review 35 of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD), created by President Franklin D.

At Columbia, to reduce a $50 million deficit in 1992-3, faculty positions were trimmed by 9 percent. 2 million operating deficit, and Stanford University and the University of Chicago also imposed budget cuts. During the period 1993-6, Stanford cut spending in its academic departments by $15 million. A very gloomy overall assessment of the financial health of higher education was reached by Wall Street's Standard & Poor's municipal finance department in 1992: "Private colleges and universities today are facing pressures unprecedented in their complexity and scope.

At Columbia, to reduce a $50 million deficit in 1992-3, faculty positions were trimmed by 9 percent. 2 million operating deficit, and Stanford University and the University of Chicago also imposed budget cuts. During the period 1993-6, Stanford cut spending in its academic departments by $15 million. A very gloomy overall assessment of the financial health of higher education was reached by Wall Street's Standard & Poor's municipal finance department in 1992: "Private colleges and universities today are facing pressures unprecedented in their complexity and scope.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.83 of 5 – based on 41 votes