By Kenneth S Sutherland, George Chase
Filters are utilized in many industries, particularly the water,sewage,oil, fuel, nutrients and beverage, and pharmaceutical industries. This new version of a well-established identify keeps the purpose of being a pragmatic account of filtration apparatus and its functions. the former variation is improperly old-fashioned, and Ken Sutherland has thoroughly revised and re-written it, altering emphasis and content material at any place worthy. It is still an important ebook for the engineer operating in a plant scenario, who calls for suggestions and data on what's on hand and if it is appropriate for the task in hand. *Practical advisor to items and their applications*Wide business market*The plant engineer's source-book
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Extra info for Filters and Filtration Handbook, 5th edition
1E FILTER TESTS 35 In the test procedure, the point on the sample from which the ﬁrst bubbles appear marks the place of the largest pore. A further increase in pressure will produce a second stream of bubbles, from the second largest hole, then the third, and so on. Eventually a pressure is reached at which bubbles will appear to come from the entire surface of the element. This pressure is known as the open bubble or boil point, and is a reasonable measure of the mean pore size of the element.
An aerosol of methylene blue dye is used primarily for the testing of low penetration ﬁlters. 6. This challenge material would not be used for testing ordinary air-conditioning ﬁlters, as these would show a low efﬁciency with this material. The test technique involves the atomization of a methylene blue dye solution through a spray nozzle at a speciﬁed pressure, discharging the spray into a duct that houses the ﬁlter under test. Sampling points are located upstream and downstream of the ﬁlter, in straight sections of duct.
An important development in activated carbon formats is the production of charcoal cloth as a quite distinct form of the material, ﬁrst developed in 1977. It has a high adsorption capacity and has the distinct advantage of being strong and ﬂexible, with good resistance to shock and vibration, and hence it can provide a self supporting ﬁlter element. It is manufactured from pretreated woven cellulose ﬁbre cloth, reduced to 100% carbon in a controlled atmosphere furnace, maintained so as to ensure the desired strength and adsorptive capacity.