Ethno-Nationalism, Islam and the State in the Caucasus: by Moshe Gammer

By Moshe Gammer

With the quarter of the Caucasus with its ongoing, or even deteriorating, predicament and instability and its strategic and fiscal significance more and more on the entrance of the world's recognition, this quantity provides and discusses a few of the complexities and difficulties bobbing up within the area akin to Islamic terrorists and al-Qaida. students from varied disciplines who concentrate on the Caucasus research key issues similar to: discussions of grass root perceptions the effect of casual energy buildings on ethnic conflicts within the Caucasus Russian guidelines in the direction of Islam and their destabilising impression the impression of Islamic revival at the felony and social events nationalism and the revival of pre- and sub-national identities shifts in identification as mirrored in demography purposes for the Chechen victory within the first Chechen warfare the involvement of Islamic volunteers in Chechnya. With the placement in Chechnia more likely to unfold around the complete North Caucasus, this leading edge paintings could be of significant price within the close to destiny and should curiosity political scientists and nearby specialists of Russia, crucial Asia, Caucasus, center East and Turkey, in addition to NGOs, govt companies and imagine tanks.

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In their turn, elderly Muslims call the Islam of the ‘young’ Muslims, ‘Turkish’ or ‘Arab’ Islam. A major bone of contention between the ‘young’ Muslims and the rest is the question of namaz and according to which madhhab (school of law) it should be performed. ). In Daghestan, a traditional stronghold of the Shafi‘i madhhab, some ‘Wahhabis’ have been performing namaz in the Hanafi way. In other places ‘young’ Muslims have deliberately mixed ritual elements from various madhhabs in execution of the ‘Wahhabi’ principle ‘Islam bi-la madhahib’ (Islam without madhhabs).

Ethnic elites look for causes that can be used in their rivalry with other power groups. And ethnic mobilization is the most reliable way. Therefore, elites perform the mobilization of all members of their ethnic community not because they are interested in promoting the programmes of nationalist movements, but because it is the shortest course to power. This is convenient, rather inexpensive and, practically in all cases, successful. 34 In ethnic studies such an approach is usually called ‘primordialism’.

3 Islam and the legal system 21 Still, ‘adat (Kabartay mendetyr, Turkic tere, Russian mediatorskii) courts continued to function, with the government enforcing their decisions through a system of fines for non-compliance. Their procedure remained verbal, but the decisions had now to be written down (in Russian). ‘Adat courts included five to ten judges/arbitrators with a command of the ‘adat norms. They were selected from among the elderly men in accordance with Caucasian social traditions and the veneration of elders.

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