Escaping the Trap: The Us Army X Corps in Northeast Korea, by Roy E. Appleman

By Roy E. Appleman

After its profitable touchdown at Inchon and seize of Seoul in September 1950, the U.S. X Corps used to be joined through 8th military, and lots of humans anticipated the 2 instructions to be mixed into one. in its place, common MacArthur ordered the X Corps to load onto ships and commute round the peninsula to northeastern Korea and the port urban of Wonsan, which the South Korean I Corps had captured. significant components of X Corps have been to maneuver west from their positions in northeast Korea and minimize the availability strains of chinese language troops anticipated to go the Yalu and confront 8th military. different components of X Corps could push north towards the border and therefore regulate all of Korea. Neither objective was once met. Escaping the catch tells what occurred whilst X Corps stumbled on that the chinese language had crossed the Yalu unseen and marched swiftly to Chosin Reservoir, the place they landed a shock assault opposed to the first Marine department and the army's thirty first Regimental wrestle staff of the seventh Infantry department. The chinese language assault in past due November 1950 almost annihilated the thirty first RCT east of Chosin, whereas the first Marine department made an get away via treacherous terrain and a forty-mile roadblock, pushing directly to the coast and the huge evacuation of X Corps from North Korea. Roy E. Appleman's examine of the day by day documents of X Corps and of released fabric and his interviews and correspondence with survivors make the full tale of this section of the Korean warfare on hand for the 1st time.

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Additional info for Escaping the Trap: The Us Army X Corps in Northeast Korea, 1950 (Texas a and M University Military History Series, 14)

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This army left Tenghsien, Shantung Province, by train beginning on 1 November, and by 5 November it had closed on Linchiang, Manchuria. General Sung held the 26th Army at Linchiang in reserve until about the end of November and the first days of December, when it became apparent that the 20th and 27th armies were not going to defeat the X Corps troops and destroy them in the Chosin Reservoir area. He then started the 26th Army south, but only two divisions of it arrived in the Chosin area in time to join efforts to cut off the 1st Marine Division and 7th Infantry Division troops before they reached the Hungnam perimeter at the coast.

Eight miles north of Hagaru-ri, the leading 3rd Battalion passed through a once-populated village shown on the maps as Sinhungni, but now virtually nonexistent. It crossed an arm of the reservoir there and continued another four miles, where it stopped on 24 November. At this place on hilly ground, the 3rd Battalion established a defense position. The rest of the 5th Marine Regiment closed behind the 3rd Battalion on the east side of the reservoir. Only patrols from the 3rd Battalion went farther the next day.

The main rail line from central Manchuria ran south to the Yalu at Chian, where it turned east and ran upstream along the river bank, crossing to the south Page 12 side of the Yalu at Manpojin in Korea. From there the main rail and highway net in north-central Korea ran south through Kanggye, an important road and rail junction point, and on south to Mupyong-ni, where, just below the town, the main road from the east and the Chosin Reservoir joined it. The rail line and highway then crossed a divide separating the Yalu and Chongchon drainages to reach Huichon, and from there they followed the Chongchon valley southwest through Kujang-dong, Won-ni, Kunu-ri, and Sinanju to the Yellow Sea.

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