Environmental Fluid Mechanics: Memorial Volume in honour of by Wolfgang Rodi, Markus Uhlmann

By Wolfgang Rodi, Markus Uhlmann

This publication includes the written types of invited lectures awarded on the Gerhard H. Jirka Memorial Colloquium on Environmental Fluid Mechanics, held June 3-4, 2011, in Karlsruhe, Germany. Professor Jirka used to be well known for his extraordinary paintings in Environmental Fluid Mechanics, and 23 eminent world-leading specialists during this box contributed to this publication in his honour, offering top of the range state-of-the-art Read more...

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2008). Transport phenomena at interfaces between turbulent fluids. Aiche Journal, Vol. 54, Issue 2, pp. 344–349. J. H. (2003). Grid turbulence in shallow flows. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, 489, 325–344. , Lehmann, D. and van Mazajk, A. (2001). Exchange processes between a river and its groyn fields: Model experiments. J. Hydraul. -ASCE, 127 (11), 928–936. M. R. (1979). Experiments in longitudinal dispersion with dead zones. Journal of the Hydraulics Division-ASCE, 105 (HY8), 999–1016. F. (2000).

It is also the archetype of a simple unstable shear flow which is well studied for a large variety of conditions. Figure 1 View on a shallow low-land river with groyne fields and floodplains (source: https://www. nl). indb 38 4/25/2012 5:01:03 PM Horizontal mixing in shallow flows 2 39 SHALLOW FLOWS All turbulent flows are essentially three-dimensional and for each dimension characteristic length and velocity scales can be identified that apply to the largest flow structures. At smaller scales the turbulence properties are not so much linked to the flow geometry resulting in isotropy towards the smallest dissipative scales.

1991). His work on this topic continued at Cornell University, using both laboratory and theoretical methods applied to shallow jets, wakes and mixing layers, and later expanded at the IfH to also include groyne fields and the behavior of generalized shallow water vortices. Shallow flows occur whenever the region of interest has a lateral extent much greater than the water depth, as in, “lowland rivers, lakes, estuaries, bays and coastal areas, but also in density-stratified atmospheric and oceanic flows,” (Jirka and Uijttewaal 2004a).

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