Encyclopedia of Science Technology and Ethics by Carl Mitcham

By Carl Mitcham

College-level audiences with very powerful holdings in technological know-how, know-how or clinical stories should have the 4-volume ENCYCLOPEDIA OF technology, know-how AND ETHICS: it's going to succeed in those disciplines and extra both good, retaining robust references on subject matters starting from biology and drugs to enterprise ethics, astronomy and public kin, and politics and social values. even more than a compendium of issues and definitions or examples, articles offer distinct discussions linking moral and social concerns to developments in know-how, demanding situations of operating with it, and extra. From philosophy to bioethics and past, no critical collage assortment can be without.

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Choices, Values, and Frames. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Kreps, David M. (1988). Notes on the Theory of Choice. London: Westview. Machina, Mark J. (1989). ’’ Journal of Economic Literature 27: 1622–1668. Samuelson, William, and Richard. Zeckhauser. (1988). ’’ Journal of Risk and Uncertainty 1: 1–59. Simon, Herbert. (1982). Models of Bounded Rationality. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Tversky, Amos, and Daniel Kahneman, (1981). " Quarterly Journal of Economics 106(4) [Nov]: 1039–1061. D EFO RESTAT ION AND DESERTIFICATION  A common claim of defenders of tropical rain forests is that because of the shallowness of rain forest soils cutting down those forests for crops or cattle grazing will Encyclopedia of Science, Technology, and Ethics D E F O RE S TA T I O N A N D D E S E R T I FI C AT I ON lead to massive soil erosion and eventually create deserts in areas where lush forests once grew and provided a high percentage of the earthÕs biodiversity (Sponsel, Headland, and Bailey 1996; Burch 1994; The Burning Season 1994).

1970). Approaching the Benign Environment. University: University of Alabama Press for Auburn University. A collection of 1968 talks. Ryden, Lars, ed. Foundations of Sustainable Development: Ethics, Law, Culture, and the Physical Limits. Uppsala, Sweden: Baltic University Programme, Uppsala University. A multi-authored work reflecting Scandinavian interests in dematerialization and immaterialization as central to sustainable development. DEMOCRACY  Democracy poses problems for science and technology because it leads to potential conflicts between two strong sets of ethical values.

When they advised government about research budgets, which affected them directly, would they succumb to the conflicts of interest that such roles entailed? Second, how would this new scientific elite affect democracy? Would scientific pronouncements simply trump other forms of advice and political input? If the subject at hand was purely technical, deference to technical advice might be appropriate. However most important scientific and technological policy issues are a complex mixture of technical and political or social considerations, and scholars have shown that, in practice, it is difficult to separate these two features, even if it is desirable in principle.

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