By James R. Millar
Это первая энциклопедия на английском языке, посвященная Российской истории. Она включает 1500 статей, написанных 500 учеными из sixteen стран. Однако подавляющее большинство авторов преподаватели университетов США. Статьи специально подготавливались так, чтобы они входили в контекст общей истории России. Статьи, как правило, довольно крупные и достаточно подробные. four тома сведены в один файл с общим оглавлением - удобно.
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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of Russian History
Skinner. The Glasgow Edition of the Works and Correspondence of Adam Smith 2. Reprint, 1981. In dianapolis, IN: Liberty Press. The starting point of economics as a science, using a coherent system of analysis favoring free trade. Trefler, Daniel. 1995. ’’ American Economic Review 85: 1029 46. Ingenious empirical tests of various trade theories with a prominent role for technology differ ences. CHARLES VAN MARREWIJK access to medicines The term access to medicines encompasses the array of problems faced by the world’s lowest-income inhabitants, who often cannot afford, or do not have access to, medications that could greatly reduce the disease burden under which they suffer.
However, this emphasis was threatened by the emerging epidemics of HIV/AIDS and related opportunistic diseases such as resistant tuberculosis and cryptococcal meningitis. Virtually all of the drugs effective against those diseases were patented and, at least initially, available only at costs for a year’s treatment exceeding total average incomes of citizens in lowincome nations. The Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property (TRIPS) agreement culminating the World Trade Organization’s (WTO) Uruguay Round Treaty, signed at Marrakech in April 1994 and implemented in 1995, exacerbated this situation.
Meagher Senior Counsel, Advisory Center on World Trade Organization Law, Geneva World Trade Organization dispute settlement (coauthor) Central American Common Market (CACM); Central American–Domincan Republic Free Trade Area (CAFTA-DR) Mokhtar M. Metwally Professor of Economics, University of Wollongong Gulf Cooperation Council Devashish Mitra Professor of Economics and Gerald B. and Daphna Cramer Professor of Global Affairs, Maxwell School, Syracuse University trade and economic development, international Pradeep K.