By Professor Eamonn Rodgers, Eamonn Rodgers
The 750 A-Z entries during this new paintings conceal the cultural and political advancements all through Spain, together with the tradition of Catalonia, Galicia and the Basque nation. assurance spans from the top of the Civil battle in 1939 to the current day, with emphasis at the alterations made because the loss of life of the Franco dictatorship in 1975. Entries variety from shorter, actual articles to longer evaluate essays which provide an in-depth remedy of significant concerns. The encyclopedia defines tradition in its broadest experience, and features a wide selection of topics, together with entries on: advertisements, Antonio Banderas, dance, detective fiction, schooling, model, Antonio Gaudi, golfing, journalism, opera, politics, racism, technology, sculpture, inventory exchanges, tennis, theatre, urbanization, and lots more and plenty extra. This quantity presents a a accomplished index, a thematic contents record and annotated feedback for additional studying following the longer articles. The Encyclopedia of latest Spanish tradition is a useful source for college students of Spanish or ecu experiences, pros operating in abroad and "hispanophiles" in any respect degrees.
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of Contemporary Spanish Culture (Encyclopedias of Contemporary Culture)
By the end of 1947, however, with the acceleration of the Cold War, the attitude of the US State Department and the Joint Chiefs of Staff was becoming more benevolent. The usefulness of Spain to American strategic defence plans, combined with the dire state of the Spanish economy, made a military agreement seem attractive to both countries. By 1949, American warships were making courtesy visits to Spanish ports, and in 1951 the Embassy in Madrid was restored to its former status. In the same year, the Joint Chiefs of Staff established direct contact with their Spanish counterparts with a view to co-operating on the establishment of air and naval bases in Spain.
Mussolini’s Italy experienced an enormous expansion in monumental architecture, including some very innovative creations. Long after the fall of Mussolini, young ‘Francoist’ architects were going to Italy to study the work of, for instance, architecture, post-Francoist Terragni, Piacentini and Libera. Moreover, the central position occupied by the church in Spain meant that many of the interesting creations of this period are ecclesiastical buildings, like those of Victor Eusa in Navarre or Francesc Folguera in Catalonia.
On the other hand, those architects who were not caught up in the modern movement found themselves suddenly in favour, because the new regime wanted large-scale monumental architecture which celebrated the grandeur of the past. At first, Francoist architecture was massive and graceless in character, having much in common with that of Nazi Germany, but things soon began to change, partly through the efforts of a group of well-informed architects who knew how to adopt the required eclectic approach, and partly under the influence of Italian ‘fascist’ architecture.