Doing a literature review in health and social care : a by Helen Aveyard

By Helen Aveyard

Why do a literature evaluation? What literature is correct? How do I appraise my findings? How do I current my literature evaluate? This step by step advisor simplifies the method of reviewing released literature, presents a advisor to looking out, appraising and evaluating literature, and provides useful pointers on writing up. entrance disguise; part identify; identify web page; Copyright web page; Contents; creation; 1 Why do a literature overview in health and wellbeing and social care?; 2 How do I improve a examine question?; three What literature may be suitable to my literature review?; four How do I look for literature?; five How do I seriously appraise the literature?; 6 How do I synthesize my findings?; 7 How do I talk about my findings and make recommendations?; eight How do I current my literature evaluation? And different key questions; frequently asked questions; word list; References; Index; again disguise

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Alternatively, you might actively choose not to restrict the study to a particular framework, but rather to adopt an inductive approach without a preexisting structure. Thorne (2001) argues that the application of a theoretical framework is not essential to any research study and might have the effect of introducing bias into the study. She argues that researchers might be led in a particular direction because of the framework that is imposed and fail to be responsive to the data that are collected.

To take another example, let’s say your area of interest in nurses’ attitudes to young girls who seek a termination of pregnancy. You have witnessed an incident in which, in your perception, a patient was not given a good reception by staff when she presented to a clinic for a termination of pregnancy. You felt that she was left alone for a long time, with minimal attention from the nurses and that those who did have contact with her were somewhat unfriendly. You think about exploring this further.

It is very important that neither the participant nor the researcher has any control over the group to which a participant is allocated. This is because the researcher is looking for differences between the treatment groups of the trial that can be attributed to the intervention. This can only be determined if the different groups, which are commonly referred to as ‘arms’, of the trial are essentially equal in all respects except from the treatment given. It is important not to confuse the process of randomization/random allocation used within an RCT with the concept of random sampling, which is discussed later in this chapter.

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