The essays during this quantity have been offered at a convention honoring John V. Fleming at Princeton collage on April 21-22, 2004. the purpose of the convention was once to revisit Fleming's 1977 ebook, An creation to the Franciscan Literature of the center a while, from a couple of assorted views, together with social, spiritual and literary historical past, in addition to paintings, exegesis, political inspiration and the heritage of schooling. A sought after, yet now not particular, subject of the contributions is the excellence among "defenders" and "critics" of medieval Franciscanism. contemporary scholarship has proven that the dividing line among medieval defenders and critics of Franciscan lifestyles was once now not as sharp or as transparent as had as soon as been suggestion. This, extra nuanced method of medieval Franciscanism is a mirrored image of the numerous scholarly advancements that experience happened considering the fact that - and due to - Fleming's quantity. the current paintings bargains a range of present ways to the query.
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They were, in other words, mediators between the clergy and the people in the salvific work of the Church. This is an astonishing ecclesiological assertion. Celano is subtly (or perhaps not so subtly) making an ecclesiological statement about the place and role of the Friars Minor in the Church of his day. Indeed, contrary to the slowly gathering pressure from the clerics within the Franciscan Order to fashion themselves as the appropriate (perhaps even the rightful) leaders of the fraternity and to refashion the Order itself as a clerical entity, Celano is squarely asserting that the followers of Francis are but the assistants of the clergy within the mission of the Church.
39 The Latin here is important: ingreditur et egreditur. What is being evoked by the author of the Encyclical Letter, in other words, is the activity of the high priest shuttling in and out of the Holy of Holies, mediating between God and his people. In short, in the Encyclical Letter of Elias, The Stigmata of Francis of Assisi: New Studies, New Perspectives (St. Bonaventure, NY: Franciscan Institute Publications, 2006), 29–74, esp. 49–50. ” If the allusion to I Kings is correct, then the text of the Encyclical Letter as we have it has reversed the order of these verbs.
51 32 michael f. 52 Rather, he chose to call the vesture of Francis ornamenta levitica. This seemingly more vague terminology, however, might in fact be a reference to a completely different text—and context—namely, 1 Maccabees 3: 44–51. Here, the context is the call made by Jonathan, the brother of Judas Maccabeus and high priest of the new line of Hasmonean leaders, to inspire the Israelites in their religious struggles against the Seleucids. We read the following: The assembly gathered together to prepare for battle and to pray and implore mercy and compassion.