Dead Sea Transform Fault System: Reviews by Zvi Garfunkel, Zvi Ben-Avraham, Elisa Kagan

By Zvi Garfunkel, Zvi Ben-Avraham, Elisa Kagan

The useless Sea rework is an lively plate boundary connecting the purple Sea seafloor spreading approach to the Arabian-Eurasian continental collision sector. Its geology and geophysics supply a normal laboratory for research of the surficial, crustal and mantle methods taking place alongside transtensional and transpressional rework fault domain names on a lithospheric scale and regarding continental breakup. there were many specific and disciplinary reports of the useless Sea rework fault sector over the last twenty years and this booklet brings them together.

This booklet is an up to date finished insurance of the data, in line with fresh reviews of the tectonics, constitution, geophysics, volcanism, energetic tectonics, sedimentology and paleo and sleek weather of the useless Sea rework fault area. It places jointly all this new details and information in a coherent fashion.

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G. Förster et al. 2007). However, receiver function studies (Mohsen et al. e. between 60 and 80 km. The DSB region is characterized by unusual seismicity pattern. Aldersons et al. (2003) report that 60 % of the micro-earthquakes are located at depths of 20–32 km (lower crust) and the peak seismicity is situated just below the upper-lower crustal boundary (20 km). Double difference relative relocation suggests, that the seismic activity at the DSB is mostly confined to the upper crust (0–20 km), and that it disappears in the lower crust at depth of 25–26 km (Shamir 2006).

This depth increase of about 10 km of the Moho from West to East is also found in tomographic images using regional and teleseismic events, which shows additionally a N – S trending thickening of the crust under the Arava/Araba Fault (AF). In the Dead Sea Basin (DSB) proper the imaging of the Moho is complicated by the presence of the Lisan Salt dome. From these results and other evidence we conclude that the Dead Sea basin is a mostly upper crustal feature with a decoupling zone at about 20 km depth.

Earth Planet Sci Lett 79:120–132. 1016/0012-821x(86)90045-2 Stirling MW, Wesnousky SG, Shimazaki K (1996) Fault trace complexity, cumulative slip, and the shape of the magnitude-frequency distribution for strike-slip faults: a global survey. Geophys J Int 124:833–868. x ten Brink US, Ben-Avraham Z (1989) The anatomy of a pull-apart basin: Seismic reflection observations of the Dead Sea basin. Tectonics 8:333–350. 1029/TC008i002p00333 ten Brink US, Ben-Avraham Z, Bell RE, Hassouneh M, Coleman DF, Andreasen G, Tibor G, Coakley B (1993) Structure of the Dead Sea pull-apart basin from gravity analyses.

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