By Tim Owen (auth.)
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Extra resources for Criminological Theory: A Genetic-Social Approach
In Chapter 3, we identify a tendency to argue for a duality of structure amongst writers of the ‘embodied’ school, in which ‘biology’ and ‘society’ are seen as ‘two sides of the same coin’; for example, Shilling’s (1993) analysis of the body as simultaneously biological and social. Newton (2003: 35) sees ‘no epistemological reason to erect a barrier between the biological and the social’. These positions, in the ﬁeld of those who seek to build links between the social and life sciences explored in the next chapter, appear to be very similar to Giddens’s (1981, 1982, 1984, 1991b, 1993) theory of structuration, in the sense that they are ‘elisionist’ (Archer, 1995), collapsing ‘biology’ and ‘society’ together as Giddensian ‘ﬂat’ social ontology collapses the micro–macro distinction.
This is in line with Sibeon’s (2004: 22) identiﬁcation of ‘a somewhat whimsical aestheticism that enjoyed its heyday at the height of the postmodern turn’ during the late 1980s and early 1990s. : 1) use the term ‘decorative sociology’ to refer to ‘a branch of modernist aesthetics which is devoted to a politicised, textual reading of society and culture’. The authors seek to ‘challenge the political self-image of decorate sociology’ as a contribution to political intervention. They acknowledge the contribution of ‘the cultural turn’ to a revision of the relationships between identity and power, race and class, ideology and representation and so on.
26) arising at the level of substantive theory is reduced by an explicitness at the level of metatheory. ) concurs with), the possession of an ‘explicit’ epistemology does not guarantee against all errors. Archer warns against ‘conﬂationary’ conceptual schemes; there may be a consistency there between social ontology, methodology and ‘practical’ social theory yet because they are ‘conﬂationary’, such schemes can be of no explanatory use. ‘Conﬂation’ refers to the compression of two or more variables, so that their individual idiosyncratic 30 Criminological Theory qualities are obscured.