Concept Development and the Development of Word Meaning by W. Wannenmacher, Th. B. Seiler (auth.), Professor Dr. Thomas

By W. Wannenmacher, Th. B. Seiler (auth.), Professor Dr. Thomas B. Seiler, Dr. Wolfgang Wannenmacher (eds.)

This quantity owes its existance to many alternative assets and influ­ ences. it's in keeping with a gathering that came about from April 30 to may possibly 2, 1982 on the collage of expertise in Darmstadt. the assumption for that assembly got here whereas we have been elaborating a learn application on notion improvement and the improvement of be aware which means; we have been encouraged through Werner Deutsch of the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics in Nijmegen (The Netherlands) and via the Volkswagen origin in Hannover (Federal Republic of Germany) to arrange a world convention at the comparable subject. We got down to invite a protracted record of comrades, and we merely remorse that no longer them all have been in a position to attend. This quantity shouldn't be considered because the lawsuits of that convention. at the one hand, it doesn't comprise the entire papers offered there, and nonetheless, a few of our colleagues who have been not able to wait have been however keen to write down contributions. moreover, a few who did pre­ despatched papers on the convention revised and reformulated them or perhaps submitted thoroughly new ones for this booklet. We consider, although, that during the top we now have prepared a invaluable choice of paintings within the conception and learn of a box that has occupied not just psychologists and linguists, but in addition philosophers, anthropologists, and so on for a protracted time.

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Meaning is not something constantly associated with a word mark; rather it is part of goal-oriented behaviour and as such can only adequately be studied as part of such behaviour (Aebli, 1980). As in word recognition, all tasks described here require the subject to classify a stimulus. The difference between a recognition task and a meaning task is the dimension according to which the stimulus has to be classified. In a word recognition experiment the stimulus has to be subsumed under a word mark.

How does the informationprocessing system know which of the many concepts associated with a word mark has to be activated? The information-processing system could hardly know this if only bottom-up analyses took place, that is to say, if information processing occurred only from word to meaning. Fortunately, as we have seen, it so happens that information processing is always bottom up and top-down simultaneously, which means not only that the hearer expects particular word marks to be activated on semantic grounds and others not, but also that he expects particular concept nodes to be activated from below more than others, on semantic grounds.

J. D. (1973): Linguistic structure and speech shadowing at very short latencies. D. K. (1975): Processing structure of sentence perception. , Welsh, A. (1978): Processing interactions and lexical access during word-recognition in continuous speech. Cognit. W. (1971): Facilitation in recognizing pairs of words: Evidence of a dependence between retrieval operations. J. W. (1976): "Meaning, ~iemory Structure, and Mental Processes", in The Structure of Human Memory , ed. N. G. (1974): Functions of graphemic and phonemic codes in visual word recognition.

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