By George A. Freedman
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Additional info for Color atlas of Laminate porcelain Veneers
J Dent Res. 45:120, 1966. 12. : The "prismless" enamel surface-microscopy with polarized light. Dent Radiogr Photogr. 40:38, 1967. 13. : The "prismless" outer layer of deciduous and permanent enamel. Arch Oral Biol. 11:41-48, 1966. 14. : Bond strength of three esthetic restorative materials to enamel and dentin. J Pros Dent. 42:573, 1980. 15. , et al:ln vitro studies of physical factors affecting fissure sealant to enamel. M. , editors: Proceedings of the International Sym posium on the Acid Etch Technique.
Fig. 3-10 25 CHAPTER 3 FUSION: THE BONDING THAT MADE IT ALL POSSIBLE The average width of the craters found in the Type I etching pattern is about five microns. It is partly for this reason that many luting agents utilize a filler particle size of no greater than five microns. A generally held belief is that by restricting the particle size to five microns or less it is possible for the filler particles to enter into the lumen of the etched enamel. This characteristic of luting composite is of dubious value, however, since even if penetration of a five micron filler particle may be possible and reasonable with a Type I etching pattern, it is probably of no significance whatever in Types II, III or IV.
Composite restorations may be acceptable dentally, but not esthetically. For patients who smoke, or drink coffee or tea, replacing these with new composites is often at best a short term solution. Fig. 4-8 Foreshortened teeth. Some patients have worn away some part of their incisors through clenching or grinding. Once the problem of decreased vertical dimension has been attended to, these anteriors can be esthetically restored. Fig. 4-9 Malpositioned midlines. In cases where there is a moderate amount of midline displacement, especially when this is associated with diastemas, porcelain veneers may be a desirable treatment modality.