By Michael Pecht
ô...an crucial consultant for an individual contemplating relocating their operations or outsourcing to China.ö - David Humphrey, valuable Engineer, M&PE employees, Honeywell Aero-Tucson
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Additional info for China's Electronics Industry. The Definitive Guide for Companies and Policy Makers with Interests in China
9 Chinese Government Policy towards Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions Cross-border mergers and acquisitions (M&As) have become the prevalent form of foreign direct investment (FDI) in the world as a whole over the past two decades. By 2000 M&As had risen to over 80 percent of global FDI at the height of the high-tech boom; following the bursting of the bubble, M&A deals subsided, but still constituted over half of FDI worldwide in 2003. In China, domestic M&A activity has mushroomed as a result of the restructuring of SOEs and the rapid growth of the private sector.
China’s ongoing experimentation with special commercial zones includes establishment of free trade zones in Pudong, Tianjin, and Shenzhen that have the least restrictive rules for foreign trade and investment as long as products are destined for export. One special zone receiving much attention is the Pudong New Area of Shanghai, established by the Chinese government in April 1990 adjacent to Shanghai’s urban districts on the east side of the Huangpu River. 4 million, it is by far the largest of China’s special investment zones, and the home of all four of Shanghai’s national development zones (Lujiazui Finance and Trade Zone, Zhangjiang High-Tech Park, Waigaoqiao Free Trade Zone, and Jinqiao Export Processing Zone).
Thus, by 2008, service industries in China will be largely open to FDI. Aside from relaxing ownership control, China has also eased geographical restrictions and the scope of business operations. So far, the lion’s share of FDI flows to China has been in manufacturing, growing from 63 percent in 2002 to 74 percent in 2003. 2 Japan USA Taiwan Others 20,879 2,855 4,057 1,100 4,569 3,833 457 358 1,000 1,948 7,215 812 548 3,430 3,405 40,044 2,173 3,121 5,543 7,241 73,939 2,960 6,813 9,965 17,759 46,971 4,440 6,010 5,395 19,864 40,996 7,592 7,471 5,849 29,374 28,002 5,131 6,916 5,141 28,086 15,500 2,916 4,384 2,296 15,676 20,686 5,420 7,525 6,914 28,650 25,202 5,298 8,156 6,471 37,641 17,700 5,054 4,199 N/A 19,200 China/Hong Kong Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement and FDI Flows The Closer Economic Partnership Arrangement between China and Hong Kong was signed on 29 June 2003.