Challenge in Disaster Reduction for the Water and Sanitation by PAHO

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Additional resources for Challenge in Disaster Reduction for the Water and Sanitation Sector: Improving Quality of Life by Reducing Vulnerabilities

Sample text

In the past few years, INAA has developed tools for risk management and specifically for vulnerability reduction to be considered in the development of water and sanitation systems in Nicaragua. These include the following: • Guides for the development of studies on environmental impact of projects for drinking water supply and sewerage. • Guidelines on general terms for the development of vulnerability analysis and emergency plans for drinking water supply and sewerage. • Technical guidelines for vulnerability reduction in drinking water supply systems and sewerage.

A concern that those in the sector should learn about in order to make the water and sanitation systems sustainable is that water and sanitation are for all and at all times, and even more during emergencies, when they are most needed. The challenge for the water and sanitation sector in the context of disaster reduction is to improve the quality of life by reducing vulnerability.

It is necessary for insurance companies to have systems for prompt damage assessment and policy payment. The use of insurance should promote and create incentives to incorporate prevention and mitigation measures in the systems covered. Insurance premiums might be reduced in the case of systems that prove to be less vulnerable. Each disaster shows new vulnerabilities in a system, and the design standards used by the sector in the construction of the water and sanitation systems must be updated on the basis of the lessons learned by operators in these situations.

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