Central Tibet and the Mongols: The Yuan - Sa-skya Period of by Luciano Petech

By Luciano Petech

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Extra resources for Central Tibet and the Mongols: The Yuan - Sa-skya Period of Tibetan History

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The one exception was the yul bsrillis K6kcu (Go go c'u, Go go c'e) who supervised the gTsan and Western territories granted to Hiilegu till the seventies of the 1 3th century 1 6) . We can suppose that Ilkhanid control of P'ag-mo-gru ceased to be effec­ tive after this period, although K6kcu's son rDo-rje-sen-ge Yar­ luns-pa was an influent member of the government of that my­ riarchy in the late nineties 1 7). The new organization established in 1 268/9 ran on quite diffe­ rent lines. First of all, the official Mongol terminology of adminis­ tration was introduced wholesale.

The rl�in-ma-pa gter ston Zur Siikya-'od ( 1 205-1 268), to whom the emperor granted a privilege specially exempting the Tantrics of Central Tibet from taxation and mili­ tary service 1) . There was also rGya a snan Dam-pa Kun­ dga'-grags (Chin. Tan-pa, 1 230-1 303), whom 'P'ags-pa himself had recommended to Qubilai 2 ) . These monks, although in high repute as miracle workers and mystics, played no political role such as was the case with 'P'ags-pa. When, however, the kuo-shih left the court in the summer of 1 264, the emperor may have felt the need for having at the capital an office which could carry out the absent 'P'ags-pa's duties of general supervision of the Buddhist clergy in China, as well as steering the developments of the situation in Central Tibet.

Tibet did not es­ cape this intervention of " outside " agencies. Some imperial prin­ ces holding commands and/or appanages in the regions to the north of Tibet could and did issue decrees (lingji) in matters of privileges and appointments, exactly like the Imperial Preceptor. The first example is the famous document in the Mongol lan­ guage and the 'P'ags-pa script issued in 1 305 by Qaisan, prince of Huai-ning, at that time commanding the army in M ongolia and later emperor, in favour of the lords (sku ian) of Za-lu 2 9) .

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