By David S. Powers
"Powers's paintings is such a lot outstanding all through. . . . Muhammad isn't the Father of Any of Your males is punctiliously researched, meticulously documented, and cogently argued. He offers a desirable thesis for Islamic students to evaluate for its validity."—Review of Biblical Literature
"A very important contribution to scholarship at the Qur'an and early Islam."—Fred M. Donner, college of Chicago
"Powers's skill to imagine during the production of the narrative of the sonship of Zayd, his divorce, and Muhammad's marriage is actually compelling. The reader feels that the writer is in overall regulate of the fabric, although it levels so generally around the close to East and plenty of disciplines."—Andrew Rippin, collage of Victoria
The Islamic declare to supersede Judaism and Christianity is embodied within the theological statement that the place of work of prophecy is hereditary yet that the road of descent ends with Muhammad, who's the seal, or final, of the prophets.
While Muhammad had no usual sons who reached the age of adulthood, he's stated to have followed a guy named Zayd, and mutual rights of inheritance have been created among the 2. Zayd b. Muhammad, often referred to as the loved of the Messenger of God, was once the 1st grownup male to develop into a Muslim and the one Muslim except Muhammad to be named within the Qur'an. but when prophecy is hereditary and Muhammad has a son, David Powers argues, then he will not be the final Prophet. Conversely, if he's the final Prophet, he can't have a son.
In Muhammad isn't the Father of Any of Your males, Powers contends sequence of radical strikes have been made within the first centuries of Islamic heritage to make sure Muhammad's place because the final Prophet. He makes a speciality of narrative bills of Muhammad's repudiation of Zayd, of his marriage to Zayd's former spouse, and of Zayd's martyrdom in conflict opposed to the Byzantines. Powers argues that theological imperatives drove alterations within the ancient list and ended in the abolition or reform of key criminal associations. In what's prone to be the main debatable point of his booklet, he deals compelling actual proof that the textual content of the Qur'an itself used to be altered.
David S. Powers is Professor of close to jap reports at Cornell college. he's writer of legislation, Society and tradition within the Maghrib, 1300-1500.