Gläubigentaufe und Säuglingstaufe. Studien zur Taufe und by Wolfram Kerner

By Wolfram Kerner

Bis heute wird die Taufe im Raum der Ökumene lebhaft diskutiert. Im allgemeinen erkennen baptistische Kirchen die von den anderen Kirchen praktizierte Säuglingstaufe nicht als gültige christliche Taufe an. Aber auch dort, wo die Säuglingstaufe grundsätzlich anerkannt wird, stellt sich die Frage, ob die Gläubigentaufe oder die Säuglingstaufe die vorzugswürdigere shape der Taufe ist und welche dieser beiden Formen praktiziert werden sollte. In dieser Untersuchung werden wichtige ökumenische Dokumente mit baptistischer, lutherischer und reformierter Beteiligung sowie dogmatische Beiträge ok. Barth, O. Weber, E. Schlink, W. Pannenberg, G. R. Beasley-Murray, u.a. kritisch untersucht und ein Lösungsansatz erarbeitet, der auf dem Weg zu einer gegenseitigen Taufanerkennung zwischen täuferischen Kirchen und Kirchen mit Säuglingstaufe weiterführen will.

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Muhammad: Eine historisch-kritische Studie zur Entstehung by Kurt Bangert

By Kurt Bangert

Angesichts des derzeitigen Streits von Orientalisten und Islamwissenschaftlern über die Frage der ungeklärten – von vielen behaupteten, aber von immer mehr Forschern angezweifelten – Historizität Muhammads und auch angesichts des Streits über die ungeklärte Entstehung des Korans und des Islams überhaupt untersucht diese umfangreiche Studie vier Hauptquellen im Hinblick auf ihren quellenkritischen Wert für die Historizität Muhammads und ihren Ertrag zur Entstehung des Islams: (1) Die Hadīth-Überlieferung, (2) die biographische Sīra-Tradition, (3) den Koran sowie (4) andere zeitgenössische Quellen. Die Studie kommt zu dem Schluss, dass die Quellen für die traditionelle islamische Historiographie weitgehend unzuverlässig sind, dass die Historizität Muhammads – als eines in Arabien aufgetretenen Propheten – als nicht gesichert zu betrachten ist, und sie bietet eine substitute Erklärung dafür, wie es zur Historisierung des arabischen Gesandten kommen konnte.

„Bangert hat ein monumentales Materialfeld durchforstet und eine sehr breit angelegte Übersicht verfasst, die im deutschen wie im internationalen Sprachraum ihresgleichen sucht; er hat einen fairen, ausgewogenen und vorsichtig formulierten textual content erarbeitet.“

Prof. Dr. Peter von Sivers, affiliate Professor für die Geschichte des klassisch-islamischen Nahen Ostens an der Universität von Utah

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Divine Hierarchies: Class in American Religion and Religious by Sean McCloud

By Sean McCloud

Putting the ignored factor of sophistication again into the examine and knowing of faith, Sean McCloud reconsiders the which means of sophistication in modern global. greater than a standing grounded in fabric stipulations, says McCloud, category additionally involves relationships, identifications, limitations, meanings, energy, and our such a lot ingrained behavior of brain and physique. He demonstrates that using classification as an analytical instrument that cuts throughout variables corresponding to creed, race, ethnicity, and gender can light up American spiritual lifestyles in exceptional methods.

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Muhammad Is Not the Father of Any of Your Men: The Making of by David S. Powers

By David S. Powers

"Powers's paintings is such a lot outstanding all through. . . . Muhammad isn't the Father of Any of Your males is punctiliously researched, meticulously documented, and cogently argued. He offers a desirable thesis for Islamic students to evaluate for its validity."—Review of Biblical Literature

"A very important contribution to scholarship at the Qur'an and early Islam."—Fred M. Donner, college of Chicago

"Powers's skill to imagine during the production of the narrative of the sonship of Zayd, his divorce, and Muhammad's marriage is actually compelling. The reader feels that the writer is in overall regulate of the fabric, although it levels so generally around the close to East and plenty of disciplines."—Andrew Rippin, collage of Victoria

The Islamic declare to supersede Judaism and Christianity is embodied within the theological statement that the place of work of prophecy is hereditary yet that the road of descent ends with Muhammad, who's the seal, or final, of the prophets.

While Muhammad had no usual sons who reached the age of adulthood, he's stated to have followed a guy named Zayd, and mutual rights of inheritance have been created among the 2. Zayd b. Muhammad, often referred to as the loved of the Messenger of God, was once the 1st grownup male to develop into a Muslim and the one Muslim except Muhammad to be named within the Qur'an. but when prophecy is hereditary and Muhammad has a son, David Powers argues, then he will not be the final Prophet. Conversely, if he's the final Prophet, he can't have a son.

In Muhammad isn't the Father of Any of Your males, Powers contends sequence of radical strikes have been made within the first centuries of Islamic heritage to make sure Muhammad's place because the final Prophet. He makes a speciality of narrative bills of Muhammad's repudiation of Zayd, of his marriage to Zayd's former spouse, and of Zayd's martyrdom in conflict opposed to the Byzantines. Powers argues that theological imperatives drove alterations within the ancient list and ended in the abolition or reform of key criminal associations. In what's prone to be the main debatable point of his booklet, he deals compelling actual proof that the textual content of the Qur'an itself used to be altered.

David S. Powers is Professor of close to jap reports at Cornell college. he's writer of legislation, Society and tradition within the Maghrib, 1300-1500.

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Images of Medieval Sanctity: Essays in Honour of Gary

This volume's essays jointly supply a wealthy research of the belief of sanctity and its many medieval manifestations throughout time (fifth via 15th centuries) and in several geographical destinations (England, Scotland, France, Italy, the Low international locations) from a number of disciplinary views.

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The Best Argument Against God by Graham Oppy

By Graham Oppy

Tips on how to determine even if to think in God is to check the easiest thought that says that God exists with the easiest thought that says that God doesn't exist, taking into consideration the entire suitable information. This ebook compares Theism – the simplest concept that says that God exists – with Naturalism – the simplest thought that says that God doesn't exist – on a really wide variety of information. the realization of the comparability is that Naturalism is a greater concept than Theism: for Naturalism is easier than Theism, and the entire thought of facts is defined a minimum of in addition through Naturalism because it is through Theism. The argument for Naturalism is novel either in define, and within the information of the case that there's no info that Theism explains greater than Naturalism does.

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The Small-Town Pagan's Survival Guide: How to Thrive in Any by Bronwen Forbes

By Bronwen Forbes

Are you residing in—or relocating to—a small neighborhood and brooding about how you'll slot in, hook up with different Pagans, and stay your ideals in peace? This splendidly exact ebook is full of how one can nourish your Pagan soul in small cities, suburbs, and anywhere outdoors town limits. besides Bronwen Forbes' personal stories, Pagans from close-knit groups around the nation provide hard-won knowledge and suggestion on all facets of staying real to your self and your spirituality.

—Starting a coven or learn group
—Getting in addition to non-Pagan neighbors
—How to discover and make ritual tools
—Celebrating the Sabbats
—Home decoration
—Dating non-Pagans
—Following Pagan etiquette
—When and the way to bare your beliefs
—Raising Pagan children

After analyzing the e-book, sign up for the dialogue on-line at
groups.yahoo.com/group/smalltownpagans, the place you may make extra enriching connections.

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