Carbonate Sedimentology and Petrology by Maurice E. Tucker

By Maurice E. Tucker

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Published by means of the yank Geophysical Union as a part of the Short classes in Geology Series.

This quantity assumes a common wisdom of carbonate mineralogy in addition to a familiarity with the final rules of sedimentology and specializes in particular versions of carbonate deposition and diagenesis. the final precept of uniformity of strategy is mainly commonly utilized in carbonate sedimentology. The editors therefore concentration first on versions in keeping with smooth settings. the appliance of those types to historical carbonates completes the quantity.


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L. F. Toomey, 1977, Geology of the Sacramento Mountains, Otero County, New Mexico' West Texas Geological Society, Guidebook, 216 p. F. D. Winland, 1973, Rock and biotic facies associated with 147-185. D. M. , a Middle p. F. Jurassic of the Gulf Rim, Gulf Coast Section: Society Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Pennsylvanian (Desmoinesian) algal buildup, Neca Lucia Field, Nolan County, Texas' American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 57, sic Abenaki Formation, of Economic p. 57-102.

In the wholly Paleozoic Cycle I stromatoporoids tend to dominate reefs in the later phases while tabulate and colonial rugose corals are important, but not primary elements. In the Mesozoic part of Cycle II scleractinian corals are most often the main may be either carbonate reef PATCH sand a barrier shoals reef or or a series of both. The most complex type of platform at such times will be a reef-rimmed platform (Fig. 4-4). The barrier itself is well-zoned if the front is steep elements together with spongiomorph hydrozoans or stromatoporoids and calcareous sponges as important but rarely dominant elements.

The early and mid-Miocene reefs the Mediterranean and Gulf of Suez CYCLE II I of Indonesia, illustrate similar complexity but those in the late Miocene of the Mediterranean reflect the gradual onset of conditions inimical to growth. These Messinian structures are generally narrow fringes around the steep margins of islands. While early Miocene reefs of the region contain a wide variety of species (5 to 15) with such forms as Tabellastraea, Porites and Montastraea as well other reef-dwelling biota including echinoids, as bivalves, gastropods, barnacles, foraminifers, bryozoans and coralline algae, those of late Miocene age are built almost exclusively by Porites, in long vertical sticks up to 4 m high and 2-3 cm in diameter, together with some bryozoans, entombed in coralline marine algae and serpulid cement.

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