Calcium and magnesium in groundwater : occurrence and by Lidia Razowska-Jaworek

By Lidia Razowska-Jaworek

Calcium and magnesium are ample in groundwater, however the function of groundwater because the crucial resource of those vital food is especially frequently missed. Hydrogeochemical experiences are targeted in most cases on distribution and behavior of parts that reason deterioration of water caliber, resembling: nitrate, nitrite or iron, manganese. hence, most modern books and papers focus frequently on those water Read more...

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Krunic O. & Lazic M. (2005) Regional hydrogeology of Serbia, Faculty of Mining and Geology, Belgrade. H. D. (1999) Introduction to Ground Water Geochemistry. Geosciene Publishing Ltd, Sherwood Park, Alberta. Jovic V. & Jovanovic L. (2004) Geochemical basis of ecological management. Society for the Dissemination and Application of Science and Practice in Environment of Serbia and Montenegro “Ekologica”, Belgrade. Mandel S. & Shiftan Z. (1981) Groundwater Resources, Investigation and Development.

There, 30% of the province feature karstified rock formations, and karst aquifers. According to the Mg/Ca ratio, 24 out of the 27 groundwater samples from this province related to limestones, as corroborated by the geological makeup. 9, and their chemical composition was under the influence of dolomites in conjunction with limestones. indb 41 5/24/2014 3:44:42 PM 42 Calcium and magnesium in groundwater dominant Cretaceous limestones. 9 for this group. Otherwise it would be much higher. Looking at the calculated Mg/Ca ratios compared with the geological makeup, it is apparent that the Mg/Ca ratio of the rock type in which the groundwater occurs matches the geological makeup, and that this ratio can be used to determine the origin of groundwater or at least to narrow down the list of possibilities if data on the geological environment are not available; this parameter can be used to determine the effect of lithology on the formation of the chemical composition of groundwater.

In conjunction with Mg, it supports the function of the human heart. Lack of Ca increases the risk of high blood pressure and heart failure, while a prolonged deficit may lead to osteoporosis. , 2009). Serbia is a country located at the crossroads of Central and South East Europe, covering the southern part of the Pannonian Plain and the central Balkans, lying between a massif and the Carpathian Mountains in the east, the Dinaric Alps in the west, and the Morava Valley – an intersection of land routes which lead southwards, towards Salonika, and eastwards, towards Asia Minor.

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