Building the Tatmadaw: Myanmar Armed Forces Since 1948 by Maung Aung Myoe

By Maung Aung Myoe

Ever due to the fact Myanmar regained her independence in January 1948, the Tatmadaw (Myanmar defense force) has been an important in restoring and holding legislations and order. it truly is probably the most vital associations in Myanmar politics. a number of elements of the Tatmadaw were studied. the main outstanding sector of analysis has been the political position of the army. This research appears to be like on the organizational improvement of the Myanmar defense force. It analyses 4 diverse features of the Tatmadaw: army doctrine and technique, association and strength constitution, armament and strength modernization, and army education and officer schooling. It units out safety perceptions and regulations, charting advancements in every one section opposed to the location on the time, and in addition notes the contributions of the best actors within the technique. in view that early Nineties, the Tatmadaw has applied a strength modernization programme. This paintings reports rationales and process at the back of the strength modernization programme and examines the army features of the Tatmadaw. Drawing generally from archival resources and latest literature, this empirically grounded learn argues that, whereas the inner armed protection probability to the kingdom keeps to play a big function, it's the exterior defense danger that offers extra weight to the growth and modernization of the Tatmadaw in view that 1988. It additionally argues that, regardless of its imperfections, the Tatmadaw has reworked from a strength basically for counter-insurgency operations right into a strength able to battling in constrained traditional battle.

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67 (Italics is mine) In connection with the RMA, it appears that the Tatmadaw has undertaken a number of studies on electronic and information warfare. Detailed studies on various aspects of war were done on “Operation Desert Storm”, the “Kosovo War”, and “Afghanistan War”. indd 38 12/29/08 8:49:25 AM Military Doctrine and Strategy 39 bureau also produced several reports on the same subject. In this context, the Defence Services Academy introduced a computer science degree for its cadets. Moreover, several officers were sent abroad for training in electronic and information warfare.

33 Nevertheless, by 1965 the concept of “People’s War” was formally accepted as the military doctrine for the Tatmadaw. With the advent of the “People’s War” concept, the doctrine was popularized in various military publications, for all levels; this included a poem written by a renowned Myanmar author in late 1960s and the poem was printed on the Independence Day anniversary facilitation cards. The poem runs: “How superior the tactics of war; how potent the weapons! ”34 Another famous poem quoted in the cards is an extract from ‘Nandithena-Pyo’ (နႏၵီေသနပ်ိဳ႕) written by an eighteenth century Myanmar scholar on the Myanmar art of war.

In this phase, the area will be cleared of any insurgent activities. The final phase is to transform it into a “hard-core area”. In phase one, the objective is to dislodge insurgent troops, capture insurgent strongholds and bases, and introduce a strong presence of government security forces. indd 31 12/29/08 8:49:22 AM 32 Building the Tatmadaw phase, the most common and primary form of fighting is conventional warfare with anti-guerrilla warfare as a secondary form. In phase two, mopping up operations and organizational activities are important.

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