Anaphora in Natural Language Understanding: A Survey by Graeme Hirst (auth.)

By Graeme Hirst (auth.)

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51 We see that anaphora and paraphrase a r e m e r e l y c a s e s of c o r e f e r e n t i a l i t y where t h e r e l a t i o n is IS IDENTICAL TO. Sometimes a c o r e f e r e n c e r e l a t i o n s h i p is n o t o n e of t h o s e j u s t m e n t i o n e d , b u t r a t h e r is o n e d e t e r m i n e d b y i n f e r e n c e ( C l a r k 1 9 7 5 ) . C o n s i d e r t h i s e x a m p l e : (2-106) "It's nice having dinner with candles, but there's something funny about the two we've got tonight", Carol said.

From: Robbins, Tom. Even cowgirls ge~ the blues. ] Klappholz and Lockman (1975) suggest MEMBER OF as a n o t h e r possible relation, b u t I am not convinced t h a t it differs in practice from PART OF. 52From: Hunter, J A H. Figure it out. The Canberra times, 26 October 1977, page 25. 2. 2 D e f i n i t e r e f e r e n c e 28 ANAPHORA w a s CaroL. B e t w e e n t h e e x t r e m e s of a fixed r e l a t i o n like ASPECT OF a n d i n f e r r e d r e l a t i o n like t h a t in (2-106) is t h e v a g u e r e l a t i o n CLOSELY ASSOCIATED WITH: (2-107) The m a n a g e r u s h e r e d embarrassment.

The s e c o n d f o r m is a single p r o n o u n : (3-16) How m u c h t i t a n i u m is in t y p e B r o c k s ? How m u c h s i l i c o n is in t h e m ? In t h i s c a s e , m o r e s e m a n t i c i n f o r m a t i o n n e e d s to be u s e d . The s e m a n t i c t e m p l a t e w h i c h m a t c h e s "ELEMENT BE IN" r e q u i r e s t h a t t h e o b j e c t of t h e v e r b b e a SAMPLE, a n d t h i s f a c t is u s e d in s e a r c h i n g f o r a s u i t a b l e a n t e c e d e n t in t h i s e x a m p l e .

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