By Henry C. Lee, Robert Ramotowski, R. E. Gaensslen
Fingerprints represent essentially the most very important different types of actual proof, and it really is one of the few that may be really individualized. over the past twenty years, many new and interesting advancements have taken position within the box of fingerprint technology, really within the realm of equipment for constructing latent prints and within the progress of imaging and AFIS applied sciences. This absolutely up-to-date moment variation of the bestseller, Advances in Fingerprint know-how, covers significant advancements in latent fingerprint processing, together with actual, chemical, instrumental, and mix thoughts. Written by means of a popular crew of prime forensic identity and criminalistic specialists, this worthy paintings provides intriguing development in fingerprint technology.
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Extra info for Advances in Fingerprint Technology, Second Edition (Forensic and Police Science)
The first is to reexamine our premises and justify our practices before a new, Daubert-driven, legal ideology. The challenge is to recognize and appreciate this newfound scrutiny, to grow with it, and to help find our new place within it. We simply won’t be able to do our work the way we have and retain the respect that we feel entitled to. We will need to earn this respect by finding ways to measure the suitability of prints for comparison, to measure the amount of correspondence between prints, and to test the meaning of a given degree of correspondence.
The recognition process involves basic principles of forensic examination: logical analysis of human behavior, physical examination of the area, surface property observation, field and laboratory processing, pattern enhancement, and information evaluation. 1 The method of choice should not be based on convenience or the preferences of the latent examiner. The selection of methods should rest on the nature of the surface, the type of matrix of the print, and the condition of the print. Chapter 4 covers all the major techniques currently available and the respective procedures for processing.
1 Latent fingerprint examination. niques to process such an area with the objective of developing those latent prints and making them visible. A latent print examiner can then evaluate each print and make a judgment as to whether or not there are sufficient ridge characteristics for identification. If there are insufficient ridge characteristics present, then one has to determine what other methods could be applied to the developed print for further enhancement of the print. Once a positive decision is made, the second mission is to compare the developed latent print with a known print, with the objective of either positive identification or elimination.