By Patrick Bachelery, Jean-François Lenat, Andrea Di Muro, Laurent Michon
Piton de l. a. Fournaise and Karthala are either guard volcanoes within the southwest Indian Ocean. This ebook summarizes the paintings performed on those very lively basaltic volcanoes. Piton de l. a. Fournaise has an extended heritage of medical examine and tracking, with many facts accumulated in the course of fresh eruptions. it really is one among the main studied volcanoes on this planet. The paintings offered during this monograph comprises geological, geophysical, geochemical and petrological facets, but additionally experiences on actual geography, traditional dangers and the sociological and behavioural approaches.'
The Karthala volcano might be much less popular, however it serves as an enticing comparability to Piton de los angeles Fournaise. even though located on the subject of the volcanoes of Hawaii, it differs from them via its extra alkaline magmas and not more widespread task. It used to be additionally monitored for greater than 25 years, generating remarkable eruptions in contemporary years.
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Additional info for Active Volcanoes of the Southwest Indian Ocean: Piton de la Fournaise and Karthala
In: Eos Transactions Supplement, AGU fall meeting abstracts V31F-05, San Francisco Duncan RA (1990) The volcanic record of the Reunion hotspot. In: Duncan RA, Backman J, Dunbar RB, Peterson LC (eds) Proceedings of ocean drilling program science results, vol 115, pp 3–10 Duncan RA, Backman J, Peterson L (1989) Reunion hotspot activity through tertiary time: initial results from the ocean drilling program, Leg 115. J Volcanol Geoth Res 36:193–198 Dyment J (1991a) Structure et évolution de la lithosphère océanique dans l’Océan Indien : apport des anomalies magnétiques.
They have built four huge submarine bulges separated by submarine canyons offshore of the main rivers. The submarine bulges are essentially built of mass wasting products and sediments. The island is surrounded by a belt of hyaloclastites and pillow lavas. A few volcanic constructional features (cones, eroded piles of lava flows) have been found on the submarine flanks, with the majority being located close to the coast in continuation of the on land southwest and northeast rift zones of Piton de la Fournaise.
J Volcano Geotherm Res 184(1–2):126–137. jvolgeores. 005 Stieltjes L, Moutou P (1989) A statistical and probalistic study of the historic activity of Piton de la Fournaise, Réunion Island. J Volcanol Geotherm Res 36:67–86 Velain C (1878) Description géologique de la presqu’ile d’Aden, de l’ile de la Réunion, des iles Saint-Paul et Amsterdam. Hennuyer, Paris, p 356 Vinson A (1865) Un pieux et savant créole de l’Ile Bourbon. In: M Mézières Lépervanche. Almanach religieux de l’Ile Bourbon ou de la Réunion, pp 181–188 von Drasche R (1878) Die Insel Réunion (Bourbon) im Indischen Ocean: Ein geologisch-petrographische Studie mit einem Angange über die Insel Mauritius.