Across Atlantic Ice: The Origin of America's Clovis Culture by Dennis J. Stanford

By Dennis J. Stanford

Who have been the 1st people to inhabit North the United States? in response to the now general tale, mammal hunters entered the continent a few 12,000 years in the past through a land bridge that spanned the Bering Sea. certain stone instruments belonging to the Clovis tradition proven the presence of those early New global humans. yet are the Clovis instruments Asian in starting place? Drawing from unique archaeological research, paleoclimatic study, and genetic reports, famous archaeologists Dennis J. Stanford and Bruce A. Bradley problem the previous narrative and, within the approach, counter traditional—and usually subjective—approaches to archaeological trying out for ancient relatedness. The authors follow rigorous scholarship to a speculation that areas the technological antecedents of Clovis in Europe and posits that the 1st americans crossed the Atlantic by means of boat and arrived in advance of formerly idea. providing archaeological and oceanographic proof to help this statement, the booklet dismantles the previous paradigm whereas persuasively linking Clovis expertise with the tradition of the Solutrean those that occupied France and Spain greater than 20,000 years ago.

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10. 11. 12. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. S. 2. 3. 58 million years BP Pliocene-Quaternary (current ice age) glaciation began FOREWORD Across Atlantic Ice is an account of two complex and treacherous journeys, one long ago and the other very recent. One is postulated to have occurred across a perilous mosaic of periglacial environments of the Northern Hemisphere during the peak of the last major glaciation some eighteen or twenty millennia ago.

8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 1. 2. 3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. 1. S. 2. 3. 58 million years BP Pliocene-Quaternary (current ice age) glaciation began FOREWORD Across Atlantic Ice is an account of two complex and treacherous journeys, one long ago and the other very recent. One is postulated to have occurred across a perilous mosaic of periglacial environments of the Northern Hemisphere during the peak of the last major glaciation some eighteen or twenty millennia ago.

Collins. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-0-520-22783-5 (cloth : alk. paper) 1. Clovis culture. 2. Human beings—Migrations. 3. Indians of North America—Transatlantic influences. I. , 1948– II. Title. 48–1992 (R 1997) (Permanence of Paper). CONTENTS List of Illustrations and Tables Prehistoric Time Line Foreword by Michael B. Collins Introduction: The First Americans? PART 1 · PALEOLITHIC PEOPLES 1. Flaked Stone Technology: A Primer 2. Clovis: The First American Settlers?

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