A History of Franciscan Education (c. 1210-1517) by Bert Roest

By Bert Roest

The historical past of schooling in the Franciscan order in the course of the medieval interval is gifted right here in a brand new gentle. This complete quantity deals a brand new synthesis of Franciscan schooling, displaying the dynamic improvement of the Franciscan university community, among the early 13th and the early 16th century.

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106 Whereas in Northern France and England the hegemonic position of Paris, Oxford and Cambridge made the difference between degree-schools, 474; KURTSCHEID, 1930, 367. The existing university of Toulouse might already have had a theology faculty of some sort in or after 1229. Yet if so, the faculty did not function properly. In practice there was no real universitary theology degree program leading to the master’s title with the ius ubique docendi. Most higher theological education took place in the schools of the mendicants.

During the period that a Franciscan study house itself did not provide a course pro forma et gradu, Franciscan students and mature friars would occasionally visit the local university for specific lectures and could even obtain a university degree under a non-Franciscan master. 137 Even a non-aligned studium generale could attract university students for specific lectures. More frequently, the university used the mendicant convents and their churches for official meetings and for religious services beneficial to the university community.

See Analecta Franciscana II, 242. With regard to the studia generalia that did not bestow degrees, the following description of Lorenzo di Fonzo is interesting: ‘Erano praticamente Studi interprovinciali o meglio internazionali, in cui l’ensegnamento ‘superiore’, più vasto pure che negli Studi Provinciali [many of which can be identified with Courtenay’s custodial schools], e tutta la ‘ratio studiorum’ si svolgeva come negli Studi Universitari, con lezioni, dispute e altri esercizi scolastici, salvo la durata minore di corsi stessi.

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